Title: Operational and Financial Hedging for Exporting Firms
Reference Number: 1145
Publication Date: June 2005
JEL Classifcation: D21; D81; F31

Kit Pong Wong
University of Hong Kong


This paper examines the interaction between operational and financial hedging in the context of an internationally competitive but domestically monopolistic firm under exchange rate uncertainty. Operational hedging is modeled by letting the firm make its export decision after it has observed the true realization of the then prevailing spot exchange rate. Financial hedging, on the other hand, is modeled by allowing the firm to trade fairly priced exotic derivatives that are tailor-made for the firm's hedging need. We show that both operational and financial hedging unambiguously entice the firm into producing more. We further derive sufficient conditions under which operational hedging dominates (is dominated by) financial hedging in terms of promoting the firm's optimal output.


Key words: Export flexibility; Exotic derivatives; Production

Last modified: 09/29/2005